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Beach and Tidal Inlet Habitat Inventories

A series of reports, databases and imagery from Google Earth inventorying beach and tidal inlet habitats from Maine to Virginia

A series of reports inventorying modifications to beaches and tidal inlets prior to, immediately after, and several years post-storm as part of the North Atlantic LCC Hurricane Sandy beach resilience project.

The project will inventory modifications to both tidal inlet and sandy, oceanfront beach habitats along the Atlantic coast from Maine through Virginia.  Three distinct time periods will be assessed: before, immediately after, and three years after Hurricane Sandy to document modifications to beaches and beach habitat in response to Hurricane Sandy. The inventories and series of reports were generated using Google Earth imagery. 

Phase 1 of the project is an inventory of habitat modifications to tidal inlets and sandy beach habitat prior to Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall on October 29, 2012.

Phase 2 used imagery immediately following Hurricane Sandy (i.e., November 2012, where it is available) to assess whether the number and location of tidal inlets and lengths of sandy beaches changed with the storm.

Phase 3 is an update of the habitat modifications inventories to include projects constructed and proposed within three years following Hurricane Sandy, through the end of calendar year 2015.  Phase 3 includes two components of post-Sandy inventories:

1) replicating all Phase 1 work using imagery dated three years post-Sandy (late 2015 or early  2016) to capture the changes in inlets and sandy beaches following three years of recovery and restoration activities; and

2) adding a quantification of the lengths of beach in each state impacted by sand fencing and beach scraping following Hurricane Sandy using the best available information.

 Progress Reports:

Project Change Order Request (May 2015)

Expected Outcomes:  The inventories, analyses, databases, and reports from this project will provide partners with an assessment of changes to the baseline of tidal inlet and sandy beach habitats before, immediately following, and three years after Hurricane Sandy.  This assessment of impacts to beaches, plovers and other beach dependent species can guide future beach management actions and policy and result in the development of best management practices for future storms.

~$50,000 in funding provided under the DOI Hurricane Sandy Science projects, Science Applications project 67 "Increasing Resiliency of Beach Habitats and Species".  

These inventories span the entire U.S. breeding range of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) from Maine to North Carolina.

A series of reports on habitat modifications of the Atlantic coast from Maine to North Carolina prior to and after Hurricane Sandy have been produced by Tracy Monegan Rice of Terwilliger Inc. Consulting. The majority of her source material was from Google Earth and the information is summarized by community in the database, allowing for a roll-up by various geographic units of interest. All spatial data is also available on the North Atlantic LCC's spatial data viewer, the Conservation Planning Atlas, under the coastal and marine galleries.  Additionally, two reports on the status of beach and tidal inlet habitat in the piping plover wintering range were previously produced using other funds. They are posted at http://www.fws.gov/charleston/piping_plover.html and below for convenience. A presentation (pdf) providing the project background and summaries of habitat modifications for the US Atlantic coast prior to and immediately after Hurricane Sandy is also available.

A SYNTHESIS OF TIDAL INLET AND SANDY BEACH HABITAT INVENTORIES: Habitat Modifications in the U.S. Atlantic Coast Breeding Range of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) prior to Hurricane Sandy



Pre-Sandy Tidal Inlets Google Earth files (ME to VA), and metadata (MS Excel) 

Pre-Sandy Beach Fill (Google Earth) (ME to VA), and metadata (MS Excel)

Pre-Sandy Beach Armoring (Google Earth) (ME to VA), and metadata (MS Excel)

Pre-Sandy Beach Development, Armoring and Fill by Community (MS Excel)


          Maine to the North Shore and Peconic Estuary of New York


 

                Inventory of Habitat Modifications to Sandy Beaches (report), Beach Habitats (Google Earth) and metadata (MS Excel), database of beach fill (MS Excel), database of public, NGO held beaches (MS Excel) 

                Inventory of Habitat Modifications to Tidal Inlets (report), database of inlets and structures (MS Excel), database of artificial/natural inlet openings/closings (MS Excel)


           South Shore of Long Island to Virginia


 

                Inventory of Habitat Modifications to Sandy Beaches (report), Beach Habitats (Google Earth), and metadata (MS Excel), database of beach fill (MS Excel), database of public, NGO held beaches (MS Excel)

                Inventory of Habitat Modifications to Tidal Inlets (report), database of inlets and structures (MS Excel), database of artificial/natural inlet openings/closings (MS Excel)

      

Coastal Migration and Wintering Range in the Continental United States (including breeding range in North Carolina)

                Inventory of Habitat Modifications to Sandy Beaches

                Inventory of Habitat Modifications to Tidal Inlets

Only tidal inlet data is available for the southeast U.S.: Database (MS Excel), metadata (MS Excel), and Inlets NC to TX (Google Earth)



Phase II - immediately after Hurricane Sandy

Storm Induced Habitat Modifications Caused by Hurricane Sandy within the U.S. Atlantic Coast Breeding Range of the Piping Plover

Hurricane Sandy Inlet Changes (MS Excel), New and Closed Inlets Post-Sandy (Google Earth) and metadata (MS Excel)

Phase III - three years after Hurricane Sandy

2015 Inventory of Tidal Inlets Maine to North Carolina (report)

2015 Tidal Inlets ME-NC (Google Earth), database of inlets and structures (MS Excel), database of artificial/natural inlet openings and closings (MS Excel) and metadata (MS Excel)


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